Arnold Chiari Malformation, Diabetes Mellitus, And Vertigo: Which Is Which?

It is difficult to confirm whether you have Chiari malformation or not because its symptoms are common among many diseases such as diabetes and vertigo. The only way you can find out for sure is to consult your health care provider as you have to undergo some tests including MRI or a CT scan.


Arnold Chiari malformation and vertigo are diseases affecting the brain while diabetes is a chronic disease affecting the whole body. These three should be dealt with caution since they are directly distressing balance and other essential functions for daily life.


What Are Arnold Chiari Malformation, Diabetes Mellitus, And Vertigo And Their Symptoms?


What Is Arnold Chiari Malformation?


Arnold Chiari Malformation is a structural abnormality of the brain particularly the cerebellum which controls coordination, balance, and motion. It is at the base of the skull, and in Chiari malformation, it extends into the spinal canal. It causes pressure on the brainstem and spinal cord, obstructing the flow of spinal fluid.


Symptoms Of Chiari Malformation I:


  • Headache 
  • Occipital headache (worsened pressure like coughing and sneezing)
  • Neck pain
  • Numbness of upper extremities
  • Weakness or Loss of strength in the extremities
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of balance
  • Vision problems
  • Hypersensitivity to bright lights
  • Sleep apnea


Signs and symptoms of Chiari Malformation I may not occur, but when they do, they can appear or manifest alone or along with the others. According to Ryan W Y Lee MD, “Chiari type 1 refers to herniation of the cerebellar tonsils alone, and radiologically as simple tonsillar herniation 5 mm or greater below the foramen magnum.”


Symptoms Of Chiari Malformation II:


  • Involuntary downward eye movements
  • Weakness in the upper extremities
  • Breathing problem
  • Gag reflex problem


Signs and symptoms of Chiari Malformation II may come from issues related to myelomeningocele or hydrocephalus.


What Is Diabetes Mellitus?


Diabetes mellitus is a disease that affects the body’s ability to use the energy from food properly. It is when the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin or none at all. It is a problem since insulin is a hormone that helps the body convert sugar to energy. “Early symptoms are related to hyperglycemia and include polydipsia, polyphagia, polyuria, and blurred vision,” Erika F. Brutsaert , MD notes.


Symptoms Of Diabetes Mellitus:



  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Dry mouth
  • Urinary frequency
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness
  • Vision problems
  • Numbness or tingling in the extremities
  • Delayed healing of wounds
  • Dry skin 
  • Itchy skin 
  • Persistent yeast infections


What Is Vertigo?


Vertigo is the feeling of losing balance when standing up or walking. There is also the sensation that makes you feel like you or your surrounding is spinning. It can be from a problem in the ear where there is calcium formation in the canal of the inner ear called canaliths.

“Persons with Chiari may develop vertigo after spending some time with their head inclined on their trunk. Thus the Chiari can cause cervical vertigo,” Timothy C. Hain, MD wrote.


Symptoms Of Vertigo:


  • Ringing in the ears 
  • Spinning sensation
  • Tilting
  • Swaying sensation
  • Loss of balance
  • Pulled to one direction
  • Headache
  • Involuntary eye movements
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sweating


Arnold Chiari malformation, diabetes mellitus, and vertigo have similar symptoms, and though they may appear to be simple, they will eventually affect how you function since they can cause loss of balance, weakness, and others which are hindrances to completing daily tasks.


Doing a self-treatment is a tremendous risk since early diagnosis is crucial in managing diseases. You need to consult a doctor right away to find out for sure, especially there are series of tests that need to be undertaken to rule out the other conditions. People are often scared to know the diagnosis, but they should be more afraid when they do not get the appropriate treatment early on because their situation could worsen.


It will help if you treat your body as an ally. It shows symptoms to ask you for help that it needs thorough attention. You must take care of it and get treatment for even a headache. Your feeling should always be great, and if you feel otherwise, going to the doctor is a treat that you shouldn’t be depriving yourself.


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