Establish Mindfulness: What Is Arnold Chiari Malformation?


All of us has had a headache in our lifetime. It could be a signal of stress, lack of sleep, hunger, or other medical health conditions such as the Arnold Chiari Malformation. Some of us may be clueless of this condition as we don’t even know it existed. The symptoms could be mistaken for other medical conditions, and the only way to identify it accurately is by seeking a professional opinion.

What Is Arnold Chiari Malformation?

Arnold Chiari is a defect of the brain particularly the cerebellum. This part of the brain is responsible for our balance. Experts conclude that the pregnancy of the mother has a significant contribution in acquiring this defect. They believe that it could be due to the maternal diet lacking essential nutrients which are needed to form the brain. As a result, the indented space at the base of the skull is unnaturally small. The cerebellum then receives the pressure which blocks the normal flow of the cerebrospinal fluid.

What Is The Role Of Cerebellum In Arnold Chiari Malformation?



The cerebellum can is easily identifiable in the brain because of its shape and location. It is responsible for our balance which then has a direct impact on how we function in our everyday lives. We all need to walk, and most of the activities we do require balance, and Arnold Chiari Malformation is a condition which hinders a person from functioning well and maintaining proper muscle coordination.

An Arnold Chiari malformation can be congenital, or it could also occur later in life. The symptoms are not noticeable until the age of 20 onwards. It can be a tricky condition as it only recognizable using diagnostic tests. Nonetheless, the signs that appear during adulthood are typical that we often see them as a common sickness.

There are three types of Arnold Chiari Malformation being Type I, Type II, and Type III. They could produce symptoms identifiable from the other.

What Is Arnold Chiari Malformation Type I?


Headaches are the most common symptom of Chiari malformation. They happen when coughing, sneezing, or straining. There are also other symptoms of Type I Chiari malformation such as:

  • Poor hand coordination
  • Neck pain
  • Unsteady gait 
  • Numbness and tingling particularly the hands and feet
  • Dizziness
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Vision problems
  • Speech problems
  • Ringing or buzzing in the ears
  • Weakness
  • Slow heart rhythm
  • Difficulty breathing

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